What are telecom towers?
Telecommunication towers combine different structures to ease the communication between areas. When you see mobile networking, wireless communication, television antennas, and radio broadcasting, they all intersect at the telecom towers.
By definition, telecommunication towers are a set of the electronic signal processing unit and mechanical structures that connect people via telecommunication. Mobile phone services and telephone lines are all connected via these towers.
They can be used for armed forces purposes and for the radar system. For different purposes and in different places, there are different heights of towers.
The most common heights are between 15 and 60 meters but may extend beyond that depending on the requirement. For instance, hill areas have shorter towers than land areas such as 30 to 60 meters high towers inland areas and 15 to 30 meters high towers in hill areas.
Types of Telecommunication Towers
The types of telecommunication towers may vary based on the type of sections, structural action, placement of tower, and their cross-section.
Based on the structural action, there are three major groups under this category which are guyed towers, self-supporting towers, and monopole.
Guyed towers – When compared to self-supporting towers, these towers provide height at lower material costs because of the insufficient use of high-strength steel in guyed towers. The central mast in guyed towers has a triangular lattice section and is guyed in three directions over an anchor radius of about two-thirds of the tower height. Where icing is very heavy to ice up lattice sections, tubular masts are used.
Self-supporting towers – They are so-called because they are supported on buildings or on the ground. They are also suitable in many situations and require less base area although their weight is more. Examples of self-supporting towers are power transmission, TV, MW, and floodlight towers.
Monopole – Monopoles are placed over the roofs of a tall building when the required number of antennae is less. This is why they are called single self-supporting poles and may be placed on heights of a tower that is less than 9m.
Based on the cross-section of the tower, the cross-sections may be triangular, square, rectangular, hexagonal, delta, and polygonal. With open steel lattice towers, there is an efficient use of the material. More so, one can construct stiff and light-weight structures because of lesser exposure to wind loads. Examples of lattice towers are broadcasting towers and power transmission and telecommunication.
Which telecommunication towers do you use?
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